1. Schengen under fire from opposing political visions
- While all of the Europeans agree on perceiving Islamist terrorism as a threat, some of them can perceive asylum-seekers as “victims” and others as a threat.
- “Schengen” is caught in a cross-fire between national political representations that overrate the real protective potential of borders, and pro-European representations that play down the original agreement’s security-related aspects and the popular dimension of free movement.
- “Schengen bashing” is used by national authorities eager to offload their own failings and responsibilities as regards the evolution of the refugee crisis and in the face of terrorist threats..''